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10 Types of Residential Roofing Systems You Need To Know

Updated: Sep 26, 2023

types of residential roofing

The unique climate of Northern Arizona can be harsh on homes. Extreme temperatures and weather conditions can cause damage. Hence, choosing suitable types of residential roofing material becomes crucial.

From hot summers to heavy winters, your roof protects your family and investment.

In this article, we will discuss 10 types of residential roofing systems in Northern Arizona. We'll look at their benefits and drawbacks, helping you make an informed decision for your roof.

1. GAF Shingles

GAF Shingles roofing

GAF shingles provide Northern Arizona homeowners with an economical roofing option. Available in architectural and 3-tab styles, GAF shingles are known for their affordability as well as protection from wind, hail, fire, and mold growth.

Additionally, GAF shingles are recyclable, contributing to environmental sustainability. With an expected lifespan of 25-50 years, these cost-effective options for homeowners offer excellent value.


  • Affordable roofing option.

  • Resistant to various environmental factors, such as wind and fire.

  • Recyclable, contributing to eco-friendliness.


  • Average lifespan compared to some other options.

2. Metal Roofs

metal roofing

Metal roofs have become increasingly popular in Northern Arizona due to their ability to withstand fire, wind, and other extreme conditions. They offer a modern appearance and exceptional durability that can last up to 50 years with minimal maintenance.

Metal types of roofing materials come in a variety of forms. There are shakes, metal shingles, stone-coated steel, and standing seam metal roofing. All are popular due to their ability to stand up to harsh weather, retain moisture, and provide superior UV Protection.

Coating a metal roof with a sun-reflector finish helps to minimize heat absorption, making them energy-efficient.


  • Appealing appearance.

  • Fire, wind, and weather-resistant.

  • Long-lasting and durable.

  • Energy-efficient with proper coating.


  • Initial installation can be costly and requires skilled professionals.

  • Potential noise during rainstorms.

3. Asphalt Shingle Roof

Asphalt Shingle roofing

Asphalt shingles are an affordable and classic roofing choice, offering stylish designs and patterns to complete the look of modern homes.

They can last up to 30 years but may need replacing once the granules have worn off. Installing and repairing an asphalt roof shingle is also easy.


  • Affordable.

  • Easy to install and repair.

  • Versatile design options.


  • Average lifespan compared to other materials.

  • Vulnerability to granule wear.

4. Foam Roofs

foam roofing

Polyurethane foam roofs are known for their durability, lightweight design, and seamless appearance. They can last for 50 years while offering excellent insulation — potentially cutting heating and cooling costs by 7 to 15%.


  • Highly durable and lightweight.

  • Seamless design.

  • Energy-efficient with excellent insulation.


  • Higher initial cost.

5. Rolled Roofing

rolled roofing

Rolled roofing offers an economical solution to low-slope residential roofs. Installation is straightforward, making this option suitable for outbuildings and utilitarian structures alike.

Although easy to install, its lifespan typically falls within 5-8 years.


  • Cost-effective.

  • Easy and fast installation.


  • Shorter lifespan and minimal aesthetic value.

6. Membrane Roof

membrane roofing

Membrane shingles, which are often made from EPDM or PVC materials, can be used on flat or low-pitch roofing of residential and commercial buildings. They are reliable, lightweight, offer good waterproofing, and can last 20 to 35 years.

It is easy to install and lightweight, but it's important to do the proper installation to avoid punctures, leaks, and other maintenance issues.


  • Lightweight and easy to install.

  • Suitable for flat roofs.

  • Durable roofing material with proper maintenance.


  • Installation complexities around roof penetrations.

  • Vulnerable to punctures and leaks.

7. Tile Roofs

tile roofing

Tile roofs, such as concrete roof tiles, ceramic roofing tiles, sandcast, or clay tiles, offer long-lasting durability, as well as resistance to fires and insects.

Moreover, tile roofs can keep your home cooler during the summer months and can last up to 50 years.


  • Long lifespan and durability.

  • Fire and insect resistance.

  • Energy-efficient and cooler than other materials.


  • Relatively higher upfront cost.

  • Heavier weight may require additional structural support.

8. Wood Shingles

wood roofing

Wood roofing has a rustic, attractive look at a more expensive and maintenance requirements.

When maintained properly, wood roofing can last for 30-60 years. However, they are not recommended for moist areas or regions prone to wildfires.


  • Attractive and rustic appearance.

  • Suitable for dry climates.

  • Long lifespan with proper maintenance.


  • Expensive and limited suitability for certain climates.

  • Vulnerable to fire and moisture damage.

9. Slate Shingles

slate roofing

Slate roofing is known for its longevity; some roofs last 75 to 150 years with regular use. It offers an elegant look and excellent durability.

The downside is that slate roofing is heavy and requires specialized installation, making it a pricey option.


  • Exceptional longevity, elegant appearance.

  • Can last over a century with proper maintenance.


  • Heavyweight.

  • Requires specialized installation.

10. Solar Tiles

solar roofing

Solar roof tiles are an innovative option that generates solar energy from the sun while simultaneously protecting your home. They can be costly and require specialized installation, making them more suitable for sunny areas.


  • Energy generation.

  • Eco-friendly.


  • High installation cost.

  • Fragile, limited suitability for shaded areas.

Consult Expert Roofers When Choosing Roofing Materials

Choosing the suitable roof materials for your Northern Arizona home requires careful consideration of climate, aesthetics, durability, and budget.

Each material has its advantages and disadvantages. Whether you opt for traditional asphalt shingles, modern metal roofs, or eco-friendly solar tiles, investing in quality roofing will help your home stand firm against the elements.

Consulting roofing experts is essential in making an informed decision that fulfills the unique requirements of your home, increasing both its value and protection. Northline Roofing can do that for you. Reach out to our team to get started!

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